Tips for Maintaining Proper Construction Hygiene

Good construction site hygiene practices are necessary from the planning stages of a job to the final cleanup. These practices entail, proper sanitation for workers, clean water, containment for spills, silt and debris, and refuse control.

Proper sanitation

A good rule of thumb to follow is one toilet for every twenty persons who work daily on a site. This guideline may be different in your city or state, so you may need to make adjustments. Having proper sanitation and restroom facilities is a basic need and will boost worker morale, not to mention keep things moving on the site.

Clean water

Water used in the construction process should be clean and without chemical containments. There should be a source of fresh water available to employees wherever possible.

Spill cleanup

There are many different materials on a site that when spilled could cause problems for those surrounding the site as well as neighbors. Workers should be instructed and have regular refresher training on spill control and clean up. When the clean up is complete, there should be a lidded metal receptacle to collect oily rags, etc. These are flammable and should be disposed of away from potential sparks or sources of heat.

Silt cleanup

When ground is disturbed, the loose top layers are more likely to be washed away with running water. This silt and sediment then can drain through the inlet drains and enter the community’s waste water. These systems are designed to handle sedimentary runoff that occurs naturally, but are not able to handle a large amount of silt that can be washed away during a construction project. Adequate storage or filtering of this silt should be provided using filters, fences or ditches on the site.

Factors That Contribute to Increased Safety on Construction Sites

Historically, construction work has been listed as one of the most dangerous professions based on the number of injuries or fatalities. These figures are derived from a percentage of the total number of people working in an industry as compared to the number of injuries and fatalities that happen among the population working in that industry. Throughout the past several years, these percentages have been dropping as several factors have contributed to increased safety on construction sites.

Increased awareness and training of construction employees and management

The falling percentages can be attributed to several factors, one of which is an increased awareness of proper safety guidelines and practices. These policies are monitored by OSHA and construction companies not following the federal, state and local requirements risk fines or suspension.

Better equipment used and available for use on construction sites

Having safer equipment helps reduce the risk of injury. Out of date, poorly maintained, or faulty equipment is increasingly rare on modern and professional construction sites. However, there remain companies working without licenses or those who do not use proper equipment. Homeowners should always check the credentials of any company doing work on their home if they feel suspicious of the quality of the company or their work.

Ladders and scaffolding are two of the most risky pieces of equipment on construction sites. Proper fall protection is critical from heights as well as scaffolds or ladders.

Better training of employees on construction sites

Construction workers who are properly trained are skilled professionals on a career path. This training translates into fewer careless accidents. While even the most trained individuals can have accidents, the likelihood of these happening with proper training decreases. Employees of construction companies should insist on proper training and certification from their employers.

A Look Into Different Pile Testing Methods

Are you looking for a reputable foundation engineering company for your foundation repair, maintenance and construction? Foundations are critical parts of a building, which is why highly experienced foundation engineers should handle them. Foundation repair requires a company that has a top-notch foundation testing technology at its disposal. A company that specializes in pile testing is essential for maintaining and repairing damaged foundations.

When you hire an experienced pile testing professionals, you are assured of long-term results since experienced foundation and pile testing experts use dynamic response approaches of foundation engineering.

How Pile Testing is done

The expert oscillates the pile head to help identify the potential disjoint that could be affecting your foundation. Through pile oscillation, the expert will identify foundation cracks, existing voids and potential errors in cross sectional area. The expert will also perform tests to determine if the pile toe seat can potentially damage the foundation. A foundation engineering expert will identify the exact point along the pile where there is potential discontinuity. Before retesting, the engineer may need to rectify the disjointed foundation shafts.

There are different methods of pile testing that may be applied by foundation engineering experts to test the integrity of a foundation. Here is an insight into the three major testing methods that you may expect from foundation engineering experts.

Static Pile Load Testing

Here, a foundation repair service may offer tension and compression pile load testing with the help of specialized technologies. Static load tests are performed to help evaluate the performance of the test pile. This is done by subjecting the test pile to a specified load. The professional with foundation engineering knowledge may also want to determine the actual working load during this process.

Dynamic Load Pile Testing

This is done by striking the piles using a hammer and noting the magnitude of the forces and motions around the pile head. The resultant dynamic behavior can be noticed from the dynamic measurements. Dynamic load testing can be applied to a wide range of piles. The only downside of this method is the limitation of the mass of the strike that can be moved to the site.

Pile Integration Testing Method

It is the commonly used method because it is a non-destructive and versatile approach. It is the best method when testing cat-in-place concrete foundation. It is the least expensive, fast and accurate method it is preferred because it can be used to perform pile tests on multiple piles at the same time.

Essential Safety Tips on Construction Sites

Working on a construction site is filled with fun and danger. A worker on a building site needs to constantly deal with heavy tools and machinery, which if not handled carefully can result in serious injuries. Given below are few industrial safety tips which will ensure protection on construction sites.

Check equipment regularly

For ensuring security of workers, it is essential to regularly check machines and equipment used on the site. The machines should not be altered without the notice of the site engineer. Staff operating cranes and other heavy machines should be trained properly. If any flaw is detected in any machine, its operation should be immediately stopped.

Proper installation of electric grids

Electric grids must be installed properly at building sites to prevent any mishap. If any grid malfunctions, then one should immediately switch off the main switch. If a grid gets damaged, then it’s essential to get it fixed from professionals.

Usage of ergonomically correct tools

Poorly designed tools can cause serious injuries to workers. Hence, it is extremely important to use ergonomically correct tools. High-power tools can cause problems with excessive noise and vibration. Employers must make sure that they choose tools which have lower vibration and a long trigger. While selecting hand tools, safety coordinators must go for those that need less force to use. Hand tools should not be made up of materials that are good conductors of heat and electricity.

Proper storage of materials

It is vital that all materials on a construction site are stored properly. Flammable and other hazardous materials should be stored separately and only authorized staff should have access to these stuff.

Usage of ear muffs & breathing masks

Combination of dust and noise is quite fatal for those who are constantly exposed to it. While dust causes lung problems, prolonged exposure to loud noise can badly damage ear drums. Hence, workers must use proper safety equipment like ear muffs and breathing masks while working at industrial sites. Apart from these, it’s essential to give hard hats, safety goggles and boots to all employees.

Proper navigation of vehicles through spotters

Vehicles pose a great threat to everybody present on a construction site. Heavy vehicles can run over workers and pedestrians, especially in areas where visibility is low. Hence, it is important to navigate vehicles through spotters. Drivers should also be careful while hauling heavy loads.

Monitoring the weather beforehand

Before commencing work, it’s essential for the engineer to check the weather condition of the site. There are many locations which are vulnerable to hurricanes and tornadoes. In such a scenario, it is crucial that the site is properly braced to tackle such situations.

Proper signage

Signage is a vital feature of a safe site. To protect the team and general visitors, it’s essential to put proper signage at key points. Not only it ensures safety, but also defends the concerned person/company against liability claims during any untoward incident.